Ayuda humanitaria para desplazados

desplazados iraq

De nuevo, este es un caso en el que las Organizaciones de Ayuda Humanitaria trabajan sin descanso y se enfrentan al reto de responder de forma rápida y eficaz haciendo llegar la ayuda humanitaria para desplazados, que deberá cubrir todas las necesidades de esas personas, ya que generalmente dejan atrás todos sus objetos de uso diario y pertenencias, además de carecer de un techo donde guarecerse, medicamentos, servicios médicos o incluso, comida y agua. Sigue leyendo Ayuda humanitaria para desplazados

El problema de la corrupción en la ayuda de emergencia

Sobre el problema del mal uso de la ayuda de emergencia [1]
Georg Cremer

[Esta es una traducción del documento publicado el 15 de junio de 1998]

Abstract

Este artículo se centra en la corrupción como un problema interno en la ayuda de emergencia, es decir, un mal uso por parte de las organizaciones de ayuda en sí o por los empleados dentro de las estructuras de las organizaciones. En muchos de los países receptores de la ayuda de emergencia la corrupción es un fenómeno cotidiano. El documento analiza los componentes estructurales de la labor de las organizaciones de ayuda de emergencia extranjeros que hacen que sea difícil para ellos el hacer frente al problema del mal uso.

Medidas de presión y barreras en la información, dentro de las organizaciones de ayuda de emergencia, son dos de los componentes. Otro factor es el inadecuado mantenimiento de las organizaciones de ayuda que comúnmente condena los gastos de administración.

Si la política de asistencia de los donantes extranjeros no deja a sus socios locales suficiente margen para soportar la estructura necesaria de los socios y pagar empleados capacitados adecuadamente, favorecen el desarrollo de estructuras corruptas dentro de las organizaciones.

Introducción
El siguiente artículo se centra en el problema de la corrupción en la ayuda de emergencia. El tema ha sido insuficientemente cubierto hasta ahora. Los miembros del personal de las organizaciones de ayuda de emergencia, por lo general no se atreven a hablar de ello en público, o si lo hacen, entonces sólo lo hacen en términos muy generales, pero rara vez admiten que sucede en sus propios proyectos. En contraste con este punto de vista oficial, las organizaciones de ayuda de emergencia se ven obligados a trabajar en condiciones que conllevan un alto riesgo de que se puede producir una u otra forma de corrupción, porque la corrupción es un fenómeno cotidiano en los países en los que por lo general operan.
No es la intención de este trabajo poner la culpa sobre los países del sur, sus organizaciones estatales y las organizaciones no gubernamentales que trabajan allí. Siento la necesidad de discutir el tema de la corrupción en la ayuda de emergencia, de forma más abierta de lo que se ha echo hasta ahora. Sigue leyendo El problema de la corrupción en la ayuda de emergencia

People in Peril: Human Rights, Humanitarian Action, and Preventing Deadly Conflict

John Stremlau

May 1998

“This report to the Carnegie Commission on Preventing Deadly Conflict appears here with the permission of the Commission. The views expressed are the author’s and do not necessarily reflect those of the Commission as a whole or individual Commissioners. Copyright 1998 by Carnegie Corporation of New York.”

Carnegie Corporation of New York established the Carnegie Commission on Preventing Deadly Conflict in May 1994 to address the looming threats to world peace of intergroup violence and to advance new ideas for the prevention and resolution of deadly conflict. The Commission is examining the principal causes of deadly ethnic, nationalist, and religious conflicts within and between states and the circumstances that foster or deter their outbreak. Taking a long-term, worldwide view of violent conflicts that are likely to emerge, the Commission seeks to determine the functional requirements of an effective system for preventing mass violence and to identify the ways in which such a system could be implemented. The Commission is also looking at the strengths and weaknesses of various international entities in conflict prevention and considering ways in which international organizations might contribute toward developing an effective international system of nonviolent problem solving. Sigue leyendo People in Peril: Human Rights, Humanitarian Action, and Preventing Deadly Conflict

The problem of corruption in Emergency Aid

On the Problem of Misuse in Emergency Aid [1]

Georg Cremer

Caritas Germany, International Department, and University of Freiburg i.Br.

gcremer@caritas-international.de

[This document first posted on 15 June 1998]

Abstract

This article focuses on corruption as an internal problem in emergency aid, i.e. misuse by the relief organisations themselves or by employees within the structures of the organisations. In many of the recipient countries of emergency aid corruption is an everyday phenomenon. The paper discusses structural components of the work of foreign emergency aid organisations which make it difficult for them to cope with the problem of misuse. Disbursement pressure and information barriers inside the emergency aid organisations are two of these components. Another factor is the inadequately maintained administrations of aid organisations which is due to a common condemnation of administration costs. If the assistance policy of foreign donors does not leave their local partners enough leeway to support the partners’ necessary structure and to pay qualified employees adequately, they encourage the development of corrupt structures within the partner organisations. Sigue leyendo The problem of corruption in Emergency Aid

Understanding the Priorities for Civil-Military Co-operation (CIMIC)

Stuart Gordon (Copyright 2001)

Royal Military Academy Sandhurst*‘Modern war consumes governments and administrations in its path, leaving anarchy and chaos behind. If authority and the necessary minimum of order and administration are not at once re-established, disorder and subversion can all too quickly erode the victory that has been won in the field. It is said that the British habitually lose all the battles except the last. It will profit them nothing to win even the last, if they then throw away the peace.’

Sigue leyendo Understanding the Priorities for Civil-Military Co-operation (CIMIC)

Planning considerations for international involvementin post-taliban Afghanistan

Jarat Chopra, Jim McCallum, and Alexander Thier

On November 14, 2001—the day after the fall of Kabul—the US Army Peacekeeping Institute at the US Army War College, Carlisle, PA, in collaboration with the Thomas J. Watson Jr. Institute for International Studies at Brown University, hosted an informal meeting on Afghanistan. The meeting brought together a mixture of experts on Afghanistan, humanitarian and military operations, and transitional political arrangements. Most of those present were current or former US and UN officials. This combination of experts allowed the synthesis of multi-dimensional operational planning experience and Afghan-specific knowledge to produce comprehensive mission planning considerations. The purpose of the meeting was to explore a range of options and issues affecting the design of international intervention in Afghanistan.  The following report is a reflection of the issues discussed, and incorporates many of the ideas contributed by meeting participants. The recommendations are the responsibility of the authors alone.

Sigue leyendo Planning considerations for international involvementin post-taliban Afghanistan

Military ethics in peacekeeping and in war: Maintaining moral integrity in a world of contrast and confusion

Dr. Ted A. van Baarda[1]

Abstract

Both combat operations and peacekeeping operations can put the moral integrity of a soldier under pressure. This, in turn may lead to unethical behaviour, war crimes or a lack of understanding for humanitarian considerations. The key-issue is the need of members of the military to retain a measure of integrity and humanity which transcends a world of hatred and bloodshed. The author commences his paper with two examples from the Falkland Islands He subsequently lists the main causes for moral confusion and the difficulties in distinguishing morally right from wrong. Several of these causes are the same for humanitarian fieldworkers. He concludes by emphasising the need for the moral education of members of the military, including ethical decision-making skills.

In April 1982, Patricio Perez was nineteen years old. He had just finished high school when he was summoned for military service. That was a week after the Argentinean take-over of a group of small islands from the British. The islands were known as the Malvinas to the Argentineans and to the British as the Falklands. Patricio Perez became a Private serving with A Company, 3rd Infantry Regiment of the Argentinean Army. He was positioned on the main island, East Falkland, just north of the capital. He had rejoiced in the islands coming under Argentinean control. He was eager to defend them though neither he, nor his superiors expected the British to attempt to re-take the islands by force. Only a few months later however, a British amphibious force landed successfully at San Carlos Bay on East Falkland and was making deep inroads into the Argentinean defences.

Sigue leyendo Military ethics in peacekeeping and in war: Maintaining moral integrity in a world of contrast and confusion

UNHCR’s Relief, Rehabilitation and Repatriation of Rwandan Refugees in Zaire (1994-1997)

Sreeram S. Chaulia*

“The whole of eastern Zaire was an impossible mission. There were many mistakes, but I still don’t know what we should have done differently, as humanitarians or human beings”

Kilian Kleinschmidt, UNHCR Official [1]

Introduction

The Great Lakes refugee crisis of the mid-nineties was one of the toughest and most discussed operations in the history of the world’s premier refugee agency, UNHCR. The complexity, controversy and sheer dimensions of the problem thrown up in this crisis challenged and brought into question many established forms of management and response mechanisms of UNHCR and left a permanent impression on all its subsequent projects, particularly in southern Africa. This essay intends to critically investigate UNHCR operations in Zaire (now Democratic Republic of Congo), starting with the influx of nearly one million refugees after the Rwandan genocide until their repatriation in 1997, from the points of view of performance-based management and programme evaluation. There will be an attempt to pinpoint the salient internal organisational drawbacks of UNHCR while keeping in mind the extreme difficulties presented by the explosive external environment that provided the backdrop to its functioning in Zaire. Finally, a set of management improvements drawn from the foregoing assessment and evaluation procedures will be suggested and recommendations made for improving the organisational efficiency and credibility of UNHCR.

Sigue leyendo UNHCR’s Relief, Rehabilitation and Repatriation of Rwandan Refugees in Zaire (1994-1997)